How to create balance sheet for MSME

26 Jul 2023

Creating a balance sheet for a Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprise (MSME) involves summarizing the company’s financial position at a specific point in time. A balance sheet presents a snapshot of the business’s assets, liabilities, and shareholders’ equity, providing valuable insights into the company’s financial health.

Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to create a balance sheet for an MSME:

Step 1: Gather Financial Data

Collect all relevant financial information for your MSME. This includes information about the company’s assets, liabilities, and equity. Make sure you have accurate records of transactions, bank statements, accounts payable and receivable, and any loans or debts owed by the company.

Step 2: Classify Assets

Assets are the resources owned by the MSME that have economic value. Classify assets into two categories: current assets and non-current assets.
Current assets include items that are expected to be converted into cash or used up within one year. Examples of current assets are cash, accounts receivable, inventory, and short-term investments.
Non-current assets are those that are expected to provide value to the business for more than one year. Non-current assets include property, equipment, long-term investments, and intangible assets like patents and trademarks.

Step 3: List Liabilities

Liabilities represent the obligations or debts owed by the MSME to external parties. Like assets, liabilities are also divided into two categories: current liabilities and non-current liabilities.
Current liabilities are debts that are due within one year. Examples of current liabilities include accounts payable, short-term loans, and credit card debts.
Non-current liabilities are debts that are due beyond one year. Non-current liabilities include long-term loans, mortgages, and other long-term financial obligations.

Step 4: Calculate Shareholders’ Equity

Shareholders’ equity represents the residual interest in the company’s assets after deducting liabilities. It includes the initial investments made by the owners and any retained earnings or profits the company has accumulated over time.
To calculate shareholders’ equity, subtract total liabilities from total assets:
Shareholders’ Equity = Total Assets – Total Liabilities

Step 5: Format the Balance Sheet

Arrange the gathered financial data into a standard balance sheet format. The balance sheet should have two columns: one for listing the assets and the other for listing liabilities and shareholders’ equity. The assets should be listed in the order of liquidity, with current assets listed before non-current assets. Similarly, list current liabilities before non-current liabilities. Shareholders’ equity is typically placed at the bottom of the balance sheet.

Step 6: Review and Double-Check

Thoroughly review the balance sheet to ensure accuracy and completeness. Verify that all financial data is correctly classified and that the balance sheet balances (i.e., total assets equal total liabilities and shareholders’ equity).


Creating a balance sheet for an MSME is essential for assessing its financial health, making informed decisions, and presenting financial information to stakeholders. By following the steps outlined above and maintaining accurate financial records, an MSME can create a clear and reliable balance sheet to aid in financial management and planning. If you’re unsure about the process or need assistance, consider seeking professional accounting help to ensure accuracy and compliance with accounting standards.

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